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Certain activities increase the risk of knee osteoarthritis
Some professions that involve, for example, heavy lifting, prolonged kneeling, squatting and standing, favor the development of knee osteoarthritis. An evaluation of various studies has now attempted to clarify which professions actually lead to an increased risk of knee arthrosis.
In the current study evaluation by researchers from the University of Sydney, it was found that people in certain specific occupations are at significantly increased risk of knee osteoarthritis. The results were published in the English language journal "Arthritis Care & Research".
How common is knee osteoarthritis
Knee osteoarthritis is a widespread, chronic disease and one of the main causes of absence from work and disability around the world. The researchers were now trying to find out whether certain jobs expose workers to a higher risk of developing osteoarthritis in the knee.
71 studies were evaluated
To better understand this, the researchers analyzed the results of 71 studies with more than 950,000 participants. This showed a significantly increased likelihood of developing knee osteoarthritis in professional groups in which employees are exposed to high physical exertion.
Which professions were particularly affected?
The research team reports that people who worked in agriculture, construction, metalworking, mining, cleaning, tiling and paving, for example, were particularly at risk of developing knee osteoarthritis.
Up to 64 percent higher risk
The researchers report that people working in agriculture were up to 64 percent more likely to develop knee osteoarthritis than employees who work a lot while sitting and are not physically stressed. When working in construction or plastering, the likelihood of knee osteoarthritis was 63 percent higher.
Prevention measures are needed
The results of this collaborative research indicate which jobs are associated with a greatly increased risk of developing knee osteoarthritis, the team reports. Certain, frequently performed work in the workplace seems to make people affected more susceptible to knee osteoarthritis, the most common form of joint disease worldwide, the researchers emphasize. Tailored strategies for early prevention are therefore essential. It is important to protect the workforce so that they actually remain able to work until retirement age. (as)
Author and source information
This text corresponds to the specifications of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical doctors.
- Xia Wang, Thomas A. Perry, Nigel Arden, Lingxiao Chen, Camille M. Parson et al.s: Occupational risk in knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies, in Arthritis Care & Research (published 07.07.2020 ), Arthritis Care & Research