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Sharp increase in sexually transmitted diseases
There is a massive increase in sexually transmitted diseases in many countries around the world. Researchers have now warned that infection rates for syphilis, chlamydia and resistant gonorrhea have risen to record levels.
The scientists at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found in their current investigation that the drastic increase in sexually transmitted diseases is spreading to a global crisis. The doctors released a report warning of a true global threat.
More and more new infections were found
In the United States alone, millions of new infections have been registered in the past four years. Similar increases were also observed in Great Britain and Australia, the researchers say. A strain of gonorrhea that is resistant to medication is on the rise worldwide. In England, the cases of syphilis have reached their highest level since 1949. This corresponds to an increase of almost 150 percent in ten years.
Millions of people are infected
Last year, there were nearly 2.3 million Americans with chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis, compared to 1.7 million in 2013, CDC officials report. The published report states that chlamydia is most common in women, while gonorrhea and syphilis are more common in men. Adolescents between the ages of 15 and 19 and adults between 20 and 29 are the groups at greatest risk of infection in the United States, the researchers add. And surprisingly, gonorrhea and chlamydia rates were highest in the typically conservative, biblical states of the South.
Gonorrhea from Southeast Asia is spreading in the UK
In the UK, public health officials have already warned of the spread of drug-resistant gonorrhea, which is believed to have been brought in from Southeast Asia. The CDC explained that the symptoms were a burning sensation when urinating and a green or yellow discharge. The occurrence of gonorrhea resistant to cephalosporin complicates the successful treatment of the disease considerably, since only a few antibiotics are available, which have been sufficiently investigated, are well tolerated and are also highly effective.
Which people are particularly at risk?
According to a report by Public Health England earlier this year, there were a total of 422,000 new cases of sexual diseases in 2017. These alone were 7,137 diagnoses of syphilis. This is an increase of 20 percent compared to 2016 and an increase of 148 percent compared to 2008. The cases of gonorrhea increased by 22 percent compared to 2016, while the number of chlamydia cases decreased by eight percent. Infections were most at risk for young heterosexual people aged 15 to 24, black ethnic minorities and homosexual bisexual men. (as)